Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural malaysia

Mustafa, N. and Kamarudin, N.A. and Ismail, A.A. and Khir, A.S. and Ismail, I.S. and Musa, K.I. and Kadir, K.A. and Yaacob, N.A. and Ali, O. and Harnida, S. and Bebakar, W.M.W. and Mohamud, W.N.W. (2011) Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural malaysia. Diabetes Care, 34 (6). pp. 1362-1364. ISSN 0149-5992, DOI

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OBJECTIVE-To determine the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes among rural and urban Malaysians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3,879 Malaysian adults (1,335 men and 2,544 women). All subjects underwent the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESULTS-The overall prevalence of prediabetes was 22.1 (30.2 in men and 69.8 in women). Isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were found in 3.4 and 16.1 of the study population, respectively, whereas 2.6 of the subjects had both IFG and IGT. Based on an OGTT, the prevalence of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 12.6 (31.0 in men and 69.0 in women). The prediabetic subjects also had an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS-The large proportion of undiagnosed cases of prediabetes and diabetes reflects the lack of public awareness of the disease.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 1 Mustafa, Norlaila Kamarudin, Nor Azmi Ismail, Ab Aziz Khir, Amir Sharifuddin Ismail, Ikram Shah Musa, Kamarul Imran Kadir, Khalid Abdul Yaacob, Nor Azwany Ali, Osman Harnida, Siti Bebakar, Wan Mohamad Wan Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2013 00:50
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2013 01:35

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