Predictors of ischaemic heart disease in a Malaysian population with the metabolic syndrome

Yeow, T.P. and Khir, A.S. and Ismail, A.A.S. and Ismail, I.S. and Imran, M.K. and Khalid, B.A.K. and Kamaruddin, N.A. and Azwany, Y.N. and Mustafa, N. and Osman, A. and Isa, S.H.M. and Bebakar, W.M.W. and Nazaimoon, W.M.W. (2012) Predictors of ischaemic heart disease in a Malaysian population with the metabolic syndrome. Diabetic Medicine, 29 (11). pp. 1378-1384. ISSN 0742-3071, DOI

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Aims Cardiovascular disease is the foremost cause of mortality in Malaysia but little is known about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its associations with other known cardiovascular risk markers. We undertook a population-based study to examine these. Methods For the study, 4341 subjects were selected using a multistage stratified sampling method. Subjects were interviewed for personal and past medical history. Biomedical markers and anthropometric indices were measured. The metabolic syndrome was defined using the harmonized criteria. The associations between the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk markers, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, microalbuminuria and HbA1c were examined. Results The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 42.5. Subjects with the metabolic syndrome are significantly more likely to have higher BMI (> 25 kg/m2), HbA1c = 42 mmol/mol (6.0%), LDL (= 2.6 mmol/l), elevated albumin:creatinine ratio (> 2.5 mu g/mmol creatinine for men, 3.5 mu g/mmol creatinine for women) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (> 3 mg/l); odds ratio 5.48, 6.14, 1.44, 3.68 and 1.84, respectively, P < 0.001. The presence of an elevated albumin:creatinine ratio and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein are strong predictors for the presence of a higher number of positive criteria of the metabolic syndrome. HbA1c > 48 mmol/mol (6.5%) is associated with increased relative risk of elevated albumin:creatinine ratio, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and LDL (relative risk 3.10, 2.46 and 1.65 respectively, P < 0.001). Conclusions We confirmed the high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Malaysia. Our study revealed a strong relationship between risk markers of elevated BMI, HbA1c, LDL, albumin:creatinine ratio and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein with the presence of the metabolic syndrome, putting them at a statistically high risk for cardiovascular mortality.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 Yeow, T. P. Khir, A. S. Ismail, A. A. -S. Ismail, I. S. Imran, M. Kamarul Khalid, B. A. K. Kamaruddin, N. A. Azwany, Y. N. Mustafa, N. Osman, A. Isa, S. H. Md Bebakar, W. M. W. Nazaimoon, W. M. W.
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 02:37
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2013 02:37

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