Formation and stability of new palm-based nanoemulsions

Basri, Mahiran and Zakaria, Mohd Rezuwan Shah and Chong, Kah Huong and Ismail, Zahariah and Misran, Misni and Kassim, Anuar and Salleh, Abu Bakar and Rahman, Raja Noor Zaliha Abdul and Rahman, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul (2008) Formation and stability of new palm-based nanoemulsions. Journal of Biotechnology, 136 (Spp.). S145-S146. ISSN 0168-1656, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


Nanoemulsions as vehicle have found many applications in cosmetic and medicinal industry attributable to its enormously low droplets size, high droplets volume and exceptional stability. Nanoemulsions are made of very fine oil-in-water dispersion, having oil droplets ranging from 80 to 200 nm. In this work, the behaviour of palm oil esters (POEs) (Gunawan et al., 2004, Mat Radzi et al., 2006, Basri et al., 2007) as the lipophilic phase was studied with nonionic surfactants and water. The palm-based nanoemulsions were prepared using high-energy emulsification to supply the emulsion system with sufficient amount of energy as to form the dispersed surfactant-encapsulated nanodroplets. The effects of amount of surfactant and different pressures, cycles, stirring rate and duration were studied to produce the nanodroplets. Stability of the palm-based nanoemulsions was also investigated with regards to their Ostwald ripening rate. The results showed that the type and composition of surfactant were important for the formation and stability of the nanoemulsions. Lipophilic surfactant, SPAN® 20 gave the smallest droplets size range (78–120 ± 2 nm) as compared to hydrophilic surfactant, Tween® 60 (105–180 ± nm). Introducing high pressure and cycle reduced the size tremendously after the pre-mixing. Stirring rate and duration also affected the nanodroplets formation. Increasing processing temperature led to the deformation of the nanodroplets which is the key finding in the searching of emulsification route that produce the most stable system. The investigation on the formation and stability of palm-based nanoemulsions is very important in the preparation for poorly water-soluble lipophilic actives/drugs for cosmetic and medicinal formulations. Moreover, its water-like fluidic rheological behavior is excellent as a vehicle for topical cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nanoemulsions; palm-oil; lipase-catalyzed synthesis
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2013 07:43
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 04:36

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item