Management of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis

Yeap, S.S. and Hosking, D.J. (2002) Management of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Rheumatology, 41 (10). pp. 1088-94. ISSN 1462-0324, DOI 12364625.

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Corticosteroid (CS) therapy is widely used in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Osteoporosis remains one of its major complications. The risk of low bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture may be already increased in some of the rheumatic diseases, regardless of CS therapy. However, in spite of this, preventative treatment for osteoporosis in patients on CS remains low. Patients on or about to start CS use for more than 6 months are at risk of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis (CIOP). The pathogenesis of CIOP differs from post-menopausal osteoporosis in that bone formation is said to be more suppressed compared with bone resorption. The diagnosis of CIOP can be made on clinical risk factors and may not require measurement of BMD. Many agents used in post-menopausal osteoporosis such as activated vitamin D products, hormone replacement therapy, fluoride, calcitonin and the bisphosphonates have been shown to maintain or improve BMD in CIOP. However, there are few data on the reduction in fracture rates in CIOP, but the bisphosphonates seem the most promising in this regard.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/adverse effects; Humans;
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr. Faizal Hamzah
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2011 01:47
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 08:04

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