Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei infection in shrimp: Diagnosis, interventions, and food safety guidelines

Govindasamy, Thenmoli and Bhassu, Subha and Raju, Chandramathi Samudi (2024) Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei infection in shrimp: Diagnosis, interventions, and food safety guidelines. Microorganisms, 12 (1). ISSN 2076-2607, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms12010021.

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The emergence of disease in shrimp has governed much concern in food safety and security among consumers with the recent reports on hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) caused by Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP). The microsporidians present in shrimp remain a silent pathogen that prevents optimal shrimp growth. However, the biggest threat is in its food safety concerns, which is the primary focus in ensuring food biosecurity and biosafety. Hence, the objective of this review is to summarise the current knowledge of EHP and its infection in shrimp with food safety concerns. This paper provides an analysis of the diagnostic methods for detecting EHP infections in shrimp aquaculture. Interventions with current molecular biology and biotechnology would be the second approach to addressing EHP diseases. Finally, a systematic guideline for shrimp food safety using diagnostic and intervention is proposed. Thus, this review was aimed to shed light on effective methods for the diagnosis and prevention of EHP infection in shrimp. We also include information on molecular and genomics tools as well as innate immune biomolecules as future targets in the intervention strategies on the microsporidsosis life cycle in shrimp and its environment. Overall, this will result in reduced disease outbreaks in shrimp aquaculture, ensuring the shrimp food safety in the future. © 2023 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosecurity; Lifecycle; Microsporidia; Shrimp diseases
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2024 06:36
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2024 06:36
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/44949

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