Indonesia in the BIMP-EAGA: Assessing connectivity development in reducing inequality

Raharjo, Sandy Nur Ikfal and Pudjiastuti, Tri Nuke (2024) Indonesia in the BIMP-EAGA: Assessing connectivity development in reducing inequality. Suvannabhumi: Multidisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 16 (1). 175 – 203. ISSN 2092-738X, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


With the enactment of international free trade and economic agreements and cooperation, BIMP-EAGA is an opportunity to accelerate development and economic growth in eastern Indonesia. This subregional cooperation could be used to reduce the development gap or inequality between the western and eastern regions, which are geographically, demographically, and economically different. This cooperation also may accelerate development in the border area. This study analyzes Indonesia's policies related to connectivity in BIMP-EAGA subregional cooperation and its implementation. The study results show that the National Secretariat of Sub-Regional Economic Cooperation has encouraged cooperation clusters ranging from natural resources, transportation, infrastructure, ICT, and tourism to MSMEs. In terms of connectivity, Indonesia is also involved in the development program of three economic corridors, namely West Borneo, East Borneo, and Sulu-Sulawesi. Indonesia's involvement in the three corridors has boosted the connectivity of Indonesia's territory, especially border areas, with neighboring countries. Connectivity has covered not only physical but also institutional and people-to-people dimensions. However, there are still several challenges, ranging from the standardization of the Customs, Immigration, and Quarantine (CIQ) mechanisms, improvement of institutional quality, and consistent strong political will among the involved parties. In addition, considering the vulnerability of the BIMP subregion to transnational crimes and acts of radical terrorism, BIMP-EAGA needs to think about solutions to overcome these cross-border security problems so that the momentum of development in the subregion may be sustained. © 2024, Busan University of Foreign Studies. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BIMP-EAGA; Connectivity; Indonesia; Inequality; Subregional Cooperation
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of South East Asian Studies
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 20 May 2024 08:27
Last Modified: 20 May 2024 08:27

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item