Three-dimensional Graphene-TiO2-SnO2Ternary Nanocomposites for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors

Zamiri, Golnoush and Haseeb, A.S. Md. Abdul and Jagadish, Priyanka and Khalid, Mohammad and Kong, Ing and Krishnan, Syam G. (2022) Three-dimensional Graphene-TiO2-SnO2Ternary Nanocomposites for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors. ACS Omega, 7 (48). 43981 -43991. ISSN 24701343, DOI

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Ternary nanocomposites synergistically combine the material characteristics of three materials, altering the desired charge storage properties such as electrical conductivity, redox states, and surface area. Therefore, to improve the energy synergistic of SnO2, TiO2, and three-dimensional graphene, herein, we report a facile hydrothermal technique to synthesize a ternary nanocomposite of three-dimensional graphene-tin oxide-titanium dioxide (3DG-SnO2-TiO2). The synthesized ternary nanocomposite was characterized using material characterization techniques such as XRD, Raman spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, FESEM, and EDXS. The surface area and porosity of the material were studied using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) studies. XRD studies showed the crystalline nature of the characteristic peaks of the individual materials, and FESEM studies revealed the deposition of SnO2-TiO2 on 3DG. The BET results show that incorporating 3DG into the SnO2-TiO2 binary nanocomposite increased its surface area compared to the binary composite. A three-electrode system compared the electrochemical performances of both the binary and ternary composites as a battery-type supercapacitor electrode in different molar KOH (1, 3, and 6 M) electrolytes. It was determined that the ternary nanocomposite electrode in 6 M KOH delivered a maximum specific capacitance of 232.7 C g-1 at 1 A g-1. An asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) was fabricated based on 3DG-SnO2-TiO2 as a positive electrode and commercial activated carbon as a negative electrode (3DG-SnO2-TiO2//AC). The ASC delivered a maximum energy density of 28.6 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 367.7 W kg-1. Furthermore, the device delivered a superior cycling stability of ∼97 after 5000 cycles, showing its prospects as a commercial ASC electrode. © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya [Grant No: IIRG018C-2019]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ternary nanocomposites; Facile hydrothermal technique; Commercial ASC electrode
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2023 03:08
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2023 03:08

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