Anti-SARS-CoV-2 biotherapeutics and chemotherapeutics: An insight into product specifications and marketing dynamics

Kotra, Vijay and Mallem, Dinakar and Kanuri, Anil Kumar and Burra, Mahesh Reddy and Nyamathulla, Shaik and Ying, Looi Shu and Husain, Khairul Anwar and Varala, Ravi and Sudhakar, Madhavedi and Goh, Khang Wen and Sam, Toong Hai and Ming, Long Chiau (2022) Anti-SARS-CoV-2 biotherapeutics and chemotherapeutics: An insight into product specifications and marketing dynamics. Progress in Microbes and Molecular Biology, 5 (1). ISSN 2637-1049, DOI

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Chemotherapeutics and biotherapeutics agents have been explored as a potential treatment for COVID-19. This study was aimed to elucidate latest update related to biotherapeutics and chemotherapeutics against COVID-19 and its variants as well as the product specifications and marketing dynamics of its pharmacotherapies. There are several chemotherapeutics that have been studied for the treatment of COVID-19, including Paxlovid (Nirmatrelvir & Ritonavir) fixed dose combination, nirmatrelvir and ritonavir fixed dose combination, Remdesivir (Vekulary/Covifor) fixed dose combination, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, molnupiravir, favipiravir, Infliximab (Remsima®) fixed dose combination tocilizumab (Actimera), casirivimab+imdevimab (Ronapreve) fixed dose combination, ivermectin, methylprednisole. These drugs have been repurposed for use in COVID-19 due to their antiviral properties and ability to reduce inflammation. The COVID-19 death cases have significantly reduced because of tested efficacy of advanced biotherapeutics and chemotherapeutics. As for marketing dynamics, the demand for chemotherapeutics for the treatment of COVID-19 has increased significantly since the outbreak of the pandemic. Hence, the prices of anti-viral and monoclonal antibodies in top COVID-19 affected countries is also presented here. Considering the molecular interactions, therapeutic activity, efficacy, and adverse effects, the USFDA and the WHO recommended the aforementioned drugs. The chances of approval seems favouring biotherapeutics as these have the best characteristics among the chemotherapeutics. Overall, this review contributes to the scientific understanding of the COVID-19. This can help to inform future research and development efforts and contribute to the overall advancement of knowledge in the field of medicine. © 2022, HH Publisher. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine; Favipiravir; Infliximab; Ivermectin; Molnupiravir; Nirmatrelvir and ritonavir; Paxlovid; Remdesivir
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2024 06:59
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2024 06:59

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