Challenges of urban garden initiatives for food security in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Ishak, Norziha and Abdullah, Rosazlin and Rosli, Noor Sharina Mohd and Abdul Majid, Hazreen and Halim, Nur Sa'Adah Abdul and Ariffin, Fazilah (2022) Challenges of urban garden initiatives for food security in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Quaestiones Geographicae, 41 (4). 57 – 72. ISSN 0137-477X, DOI

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Sustainable urban farming is a strategy to improve food availability and food access, and to support food security for the urban population in Malaysia. However, the development of these activities has been affected by several constraints. This article aims to identify the challenges faced by urban farmers in Kuala Lumpur. The challenges of practicing urban gardening were categorised into five groups (technical, resource-related, economic, social and environmental factors). Data were collected via a questionnaire survey distributed to 106 urban farming practitioners from 17 urban gardens in Kuala Lumpur and were analysed using descriptive analysis by tabulating the frequency and percentage. The result showed that highly fluctuating weather, problems with access to available land and financial problems were the main challenges faced by urban farmers in Kuala Lumpur. Furthermore, difficulty in access to a financial institution, lack of commitment and the increased number of pests were also the problems faced by the urban garden. Availability of technical factors is the least issue in this study. Correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between the challenges of urban gardens and socio-demographics. The result showed that there was a weak correlation between technical factors of educational level (r = 0.225) and race (r = 0.210), respectively, as well as between race and social factor (r = 0.201), while there was a moderate correlation between age and environment factor (r = -0.410). There is a need for further work, and comprehensive research should be conducted to capture what actions can be taken to create a policy-making space for urban farmers. © 2022 Norziha Ishak et al., published by Sciendo.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia [Grant no. MRUN2019-2A], Universiti Malaya
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kuala Lumpur West Malaysia; Malaysia; West Malaysia; Alternative agriculture; Environmental factor; Food availability; Food security; Spatiotemporal analysis; Urban agriculture; Urban population
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Social & Preventive Medicine
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2024 02:41
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2024 02:41

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