Biosorption of crystal violet by nutraceutical industrial fennel seed spent equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamic studies

Sulthana, Razia and Taqui, Syed Noeman and Syed, Usman Taqui and Soudagar, Manzoore Elahi M. and Mujtaba, M.A. and Mir, Rayees Afzal and Shahapurkar, Kiran and Khidmatgar, Abdulqhadar and Mohanavel, V. and Syed, Akheel Ahmed and Hossain, Nazia (2022) Biosorption of crystal violet by nutraceutical industrial fennel seed spent equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamic studies. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 43. ISSN 1878-8181, DOI

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The present research aims to describe a study that would investigate the practicability of using nutraceutical industrial fennel seed spent (NIFSS) is one of the low-cost types of biosorbent which adsorbs a cationic dye, known as crystal violet (CV), from an aqueous solution. The effects of dye adsorption were also investigated: pH, adsorbent dosage, temperature, particle size, and initial dye concentration. Then the experimental equilibrium data attained was analyzed using isotherm models of Langmuir, Freundlich, Jovanovic, Vieth-Sladek, Brouers-Sotolongo, Redlich-Peterson, and Sips. Hence the use of Film diffusion, Pseudo-first-order, Pseudo-second-order, Dumwald-Wagner and Weber-Morris models for kinetic adsorption studies was done. The maximum experimental adsorption capacity, qe, was determined to be 140 mg g−1 at equilibrium conditions in the lab. The maximum adsorption of 166.73 mg g−1 was predicted by the Brouers-Sotolongo isotherm, which had the closest value of correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.987. Pseudo-second order model fits the kinetic data well in this paper. The thermodynamic parameter values such as ΔG°, ΔH°, and ΔS° demonstrated that the adsorption process was non-spontaneous and exothermic. The lower value of ΔH° shows the physical nature of the process. The CV was adsorbed onto NIFSS, as per the evidence by SEM images and FTIR spectra. The possibility of interaction in the CV-NIFSS system is discussed. To remove CV from an aqueous solution, NIFSS is a fast and effective adsorbent. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Funders: University Grants Commission, India, Science and Meritorious Students (RFSMS) award
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutraceuticalindustrialfennelseedspent; Crystalviolet; Kinetics; Modelingandthermodynamics
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2023 08:12
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 08:12

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