Free convection to cool a hot square block by embedding in center of a chamber by nanofluid and magnetohydrodynamic

Sui, Dianjie and Mansir, Ibrahim B. and Gepreel, Khaled A. and Dahari, Mahidzal and Nguyen, Dinh Tuyen and Badran, Mohamed Fathy and Van Nguyen, Nhanh and Wae-hayee, Makatar and Zhan, Mingwang (2022) Free convection to cool a hot square block by embedding in center of a chamber by nanofluid and magnetohydrodynamic. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 33. ISSN 2214-157X, DOI

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Hot block is observed in numerous industries and applications that can being an electronic component, solid matrix, battery, etc. In the present 2D simulation, a uniform magnetic field (MHD model) in the x-direction was utilized to affect the free convection of nanofluid waterAl2O3 for aim of improvement and control the heat transfer and flow characterizations. The used geometry consisted of square chamber and hot block embedded in center of square chamber. The walls of the hot block and chamber performed as hot and cold sources led to create buoyancy force. This study investigated for Varity inclined angles of hot block (0 < eta < 45), Rayleigh numbers (102 < Ra < 104) and Hartmann numbers (0 < Ha < 40) when the volume fraction of suspension was phi = 0.04. Also, the effects of the mentioned parameters were studied on the streamlines, temperature contours, average Nusselt number. Observations showed that Adding magnetic field increased the heat transfer rate by 200% At low Rayleigh numbers, but it reduced the heat transfer rate 48% At high Rayleigh numbers.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia (TURSP-2020/16), Universiti Malaya (GPF054A-2020)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Free convection; Magnetohydrodynamic; Cooling system; Hot block; Water and alumina suspension
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2023 06:25
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2023 06:25

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