Mechanotransduction in Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) differentiation: A review

Raman, Narmadaa and Imran, Siti A. M. and Ahmad Amin Noordin, Khairul Bariah and Wan Kamarul Zaman, Wan Safwani and Nordin, Fazlina (2022) Mechanotransduction in Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) differentiation: A review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23 (9). ISSN 1422-0067, DOI

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Mechanotransduction is the process by which physical force is converted into a biochemical signal that is used in development and physiology; meanwhile, it is intended for the ability of cells to sense and respond to mechanical forces by activating intracellular signals transduction pathways and the relative phenotypic adaptation. It encompasses the role of mechanical stimuli for developmental, morphological characteristics, and biological processes in different organs; the response of cells to mechanically induced force is now also emerging as a major determinant of disease. Due to fluid shear stress caused by blood flowing tangentially across the lumen surface, cells of the cardiovascular system are typically exposed to a variety of mechanotransduction. In the body, tissues are continuously exposed to physical forces ranging from compression to strain, which is caused by fluid pressure and compressive forces. Only lately, though, has the importance of how forces shape stem cell differentiation into lineage-committed cells and how mechanical forces can cause or exacerbate disease besides organizing cells into tissues been acknowledged. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are potent mediators of cardiac repair which can secret a large array of soluble factors that have been shown to play a huge role in tissue repair. Differentiation of MSCs is required to regulate mechanical factors such as fluid shear stress, mechanical strain, and the rigidity of the extracellular matrix through various signaling pathways for their use in regenerative medicine. In the present review, we highlighted mechanical influences on the differentiation of MSCs and the general factors involved in MSCs differentiation. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the progress that has been achieved in understanding how MSCs perceive and react to their mechanical environment, as well as to highlight areas where more research has been performed in previous studies to fill in the gaps.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia through a Faculty of Medicine grant [Grant No: GUP-2020-024]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanotransduction; Differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); Mechanical forces; Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy; Regenerative medicine; Tissue engineering
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2023 02:01
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2023 02:01

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