Electrochemical metallization process on screen-printed electrode for creatinine monitoring application

Khushaini, Muhammad Asif A. and Azeman, Nur Hidayah and Teh, Chin-Hoong and Daik, Rusli and Ismail, Ahmad Ghadafi and Majlis, Burhanuddin Yeop and Salleh, Muhammad Mat and Wan Md Adnan, Wan Ahmad Hafiz and Aziz, Tg Hasnan Tg Abdul and Bakar, Ahmad Ashrif A. and Zain, Ahmad Rifqi Md (2022) Electrochemical metallization process on screen-printed electrode for creatinine monitoring application. IEEE Sensors Journal, 22 (10). pp. 9268-9275. ISSN 1530-437X, DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2022.3164105.

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The formation and dissolution of the conductive paths in an electrochemical metallization (ECM) system is greatly influenced by the mobility of metal ions in the electrolyte, which can be utilized for the sensor application. Here, we report a demonstration of the ECM on the commercially available screen-printed electrode (SPE) strip, which is then utilized for monitoring the concentration of creatinine in an aqueous mixture. Prior to that, the working electrode was modified by drop casting an organic pentamer, 1,4-bis2-(5-thiophene-2-yl)-1-benzothiopene]-2,5-dioctyloxybenzene (BOBzBT(2)). The electrostatic interaction between the BOBzBT(2) radical cations and the creatinine molecules causes the resistance change in the electrochemical cell, influencing the variation of the ECM-induced pinched hysteresis loop. Consequently, the changes were recorded and the calibration curve was obtained. Compared to the unmodified SPE, the BOBzBT(2)-modified SPE demonstrated good performance in monitoring the concentration of creatinine. The sensor demonstrated 60 s response time with a sensitivity of 8.18 A dL g(-1) for a linear detection range of 0.7-1.1 mg/dL. The selectivity and reproducibility of the modified sensor was also demonstrated. The setup's simple fabrication procedures could open the way for the development of an ECM-based SPE sensor for creatinine monitoring.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Malaysia Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) (FRGS/1/2020/STG02/UKM/02/2)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrodes; Sensors; Monitoring; Charge transfer; Metallization; Immune system; Electrolytes; Electrochemical metallization; screen-printed electrode; cyclic voltammetry; organic pentamer; creatinine monitoring
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2023 02:15
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2023 02:15
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42815

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