A model for formulating the relationship between religion and sport performance: A grounded theory approach

Noh, Young-Eun and Shahdan, Syazana (2022) A model for formulating the relationship between religion and sport performance: A grounded theory approach. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 20 (3). pp. 661-676. ISSN 1612-197X, DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2021.1891123. (In Press)

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The aim of this research was to formulate a model for understanding the relationship between religion and sport performance using a grounded theory approach. Using a purposive sampling method, 21 elite athletes (11 females, 10 males), aged 19-26 years (mean age = 23.14; SD= 2.03) were recruited to participate. Participants were from different sporting backgrounds such as archery (n = 2), athletics (n = 5), badminton (n = 7), diving (n = 2), soccer (n = 1), table tennis (n = 1), rugby (n = 1), softball (n = 1), and squash (n = 1). Participants identified their religion as Islam (n = 13), Buddhist (n = 5), Christian (n = 2), and Hindu (n =1). The constant comparative method of data analysis with open, axial, and selective coding was used to generate the model. From the analysis, a Religion and Sport Performance (RSP) model identified three fundamental factors (religious practices, degrees of religious beliefs, and religious culture) and six contributing factors (coping strategy, religious support, psychological effects, performance outcomes, religious dietary practices, and mental health and healing). The fundamental and contributing factors in this research are significant influences on athletes' lives and their sporting performances. The RSP model provides a foundational framework applicable to the design of intervention programmes to enhance sport performance and to help coaches or sport psychologists understand the critical role of religion in athletes' lives.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya under Bantuan Kecil Penyelidikan [Grant No: BK085-2017]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Athlete; Religion; Sport performance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Divisions: Faculty of Sports and Exercise Science (formerly known as Centre for Sports & Exercise Sciences)
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2023 03:19
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2023 03:19
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42464

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