Health benefits of social participation interventions among community-dwelling older persons: A review article

Ibrahim, Amirah Fatin and Tan, Maw Pin and Teoh, Gaik Kin and Muda, Siti Mariam and Chong, Mei Chan (2022) Health benefits of social participation interventions among community-dwelling older persons: A review article. Experimental Aging Research, 48 (3). pp. 234-260. ISSN 0361073X, DOI

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Background: Social disengagement among older persons may result from accumulated physical impact and social stressors experienced throughout life. Conversely, interventions that enhance social participation addresses social isolation with positive influences on health. This article, therefore, aimed to review the range of published studies that evaluated the health benefits of interventions on social participation among community-dwelling older persons.Method: We conducted a search using the databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, PubMed, ProQuest, SAGE, ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, Web of Science, and Open repository/archive.Results: Twenty-five studies from Asia, Europe and America were selected. Included articles described randomized controlled trials (9), quasi-experimental studies (9), mixed-methods studies (2), participatory action research (3), and community-based intervention research (2). Social interventions described are group or cultural activities, personal/group monitoring and discussion, and communications devices. Intervention designed utilized theories, models, concepts, principles, and evidence from published literature.Conclusion: Most social intervention studies evaluating health outcomes have been conducted in North America and Western Europe. Group-based activities were most commonly employed, but personal/group discussions, home visits and technology-based interactions have also been used. While social isolation is now a widely accepted risk factor for ill-health, research evidence for improvement of health through reduction of social isolation remains limited.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: MeSH; EMTREE medical terms
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Nursing Science Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 07:27
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 07:27

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