Dynamic linkages between climatic variables and agriculture production in Malaysia: A generalized method of moments approach

Akhtar, Rulia and Masud, Muhammad Mehedi (2022) Dynamic linkages between climatic variables and agriculture production in Malaysia: A generalized method of moments approach. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 29 (27). pp. 41557-41566. ISSN 0944-1344, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-18210-x.

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Climate change continues to pose a threat to the agricultural sectors worldwide, jeopardizing food and nutritional security, which is a critical component of the sustainable development agenda. Consequently, this study attempts to examine the impact of climatic variables (CO2 emissions, energy resources, rainfall, temperature, fossil fuel consumption, and humidity) on agricultural production of rice, cereals, vegetables, coffee, and agriculture value added (as a percentage of GDP) in the Malaysian context. To this end, this study applied a generalized method of moments (GMM) estimator on the data obtained from the metrological station Malaysia, Department of Statistics Malaysia and World Development Indicators (WDI) spanning the period 1985-2016. The results revealed that temperature and energy consumption negatively and significantly affect rice and vegetable production, while the negative effect of rainfall, temperature, fossil fuel consumption, and humidity on cereal production is insignificant. The results also confirmed that CO2 emissions have a negative and significant impact on coffee production. Likewise, temperature, energy consumption, and fossil fuel consumption exhibit a negative and significant influence on agriculture value added. These observations evidenced the adverse effect of climate change on various agricultural products in Malaysia. Therefore, in order to ensure robust and sustainable agricultural output in Malaysia, policymakers as well as environmentalists should work together to formulate appropriate adaptation strategies.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya, UM Living Lab Grant Programme-SUS (Sustainability Science) [Grant No: LL057-2021]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agriculture production; Climate change; Environmental factors; And Malaysia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy
Ungku Aziz Centre Development Studies
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2023 03:40
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 03:40
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42360

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