50 cm of zirconia, bismuth and silica erbium-doped fibers for double-pass amplification with a broadband mirror

Markom, Arni Munira and Muhammad, Ahmad Razif and Paul, Mukul Chandra and Harun, Sulaiman Wadi (2022) 50 cm of zirconia, bismuth and silica erbium-doped fibers for double-pass amplification with a broadband mirror. Current Optics and Photonics, 6 (1). pp. 32-38. ISSN 2508-7266, DOI https://doi.org/10.3807/COPP.2022.6.1.032.

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Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) have saturated the technological market but are still widely used in high-speed and long-distance communication systems. To overcome EDFA saturation and limitations, its erbium-doped fiber is co-doped with other materials such as zirconia and bismuth. This article demonstrates and compares the performance using three different fibers as the gain medium for zirconia-erbium-doped fibers (Zr-EDF), bismuth-erbium-doped fibers (Bi-EDF), and commercial silicaerbium-doped fibers (Si- EDF). The optical amplifier was configured with a double-pass amplification system, with a broadband mirror at the end of its configuration to allow double-pass operation in the system. The important parameters in amplifiers such as optical properties, optical amplification and noise values were also examined and discussed. All three fibers were 0.5 m long and entered with different input signals: 30 dBm for low input and 10 dBm for high input. Zr-EDF turned out to be the most relevant optical amplifier as it had the highest optical gain, longest transmission distance, highest average flatness gain with minimal jitter, and relevant noise figures suitable for the latest communication technology.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education [Grant No: RACER/1/2019/TK04/UITM//3]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bismuth fiber; Erbium doped fiber amplifier; Optical amplifier; Zirconia fiber
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2023 03:44
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 03:44
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42358

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