Factors affecting psychosocial well-being of the elderly in Malaysia

Awang, Halimah and Kamarulzaman, Nurul Diyana and Lung, Tan Chin and Apalasamy, Yamunah Devi and Mansor, Norma (2022) Factors affecting psychosocial well-being of the elderly in Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 53 (2). pp. 192-208. ISSN 0125-1562,

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Factors affecting psychosocial well-being of individuals (n = 2,231) ???60 years of age (mean = 68 years) in Malaysia were identified using data from the Malaysia Ageing and Retirement Survey (2018-2019). Psychosocial well-being was measured using eight and nine statements on positive and negative outlooks on life respectively, with each statement scored on a 5-point Likert scale (score range = 17-85). Cronbach???s alpha value was 0.851, indicative of high consistency. Composite psychosocial well-being indicator had a mean (SD) and median (95% confidence interval) score of 67.2 (9.9) and 68.0 (66.7-67.6) respectively. Significant factors associated with positive psychosocial well-being are rural residence, being married or never married, secondary or higher education level, good self-rated health, ability to perform activities of daily living, financial independence, and having monetary support, a loving family and caring friends. These findings should be considered in future initiatives to improve psychosocial well-being of the elderly in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elderly; Family; Health; Outlook on life; Socio-economic factor
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2023 08:05
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 08:05
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42336

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