The concept of wealth (mal) in the shari ah and its relation to digital assets

Rosele, Muhammad Ikhlas and Muneem, Abdul and Che Seman, Azizi and Haji Abdullah, Luqman and Abdul Rahman, Noor Naemah and Abd Sukor, Mohd Edil and Ali, Abdul Karim (2022) The concept of wealth (mal) in the shari ah and its relation to digital assets. Sage Open, 12 (2). ISSN 2158-2440, DOI

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The study aims to address the concept of wealth from the perspective of the Shari'ah and its relationship to contemporary digital assets such as cryptocurrency (Bitcoin). The qualitative research approach is adopted for this research. The data is collected from several resources such as books, journal articles, reports, conferences papers, and websites. The data is analyzed through an explanatory research approach by providing scholars' opinions and their arguments on the subject matter. The findings of this study show that Shari'ah provides certain conditions to consider something as asset or currency from the Shari'ah perspective. In regard to cryptocurrency (Bitcoin), the Shari'ah rules vary based on the types of cryptocurrencies and whether cryptocurrency meets the conditions to be considered as currency or assets. Moreover, either cryptocurrency is an asset or currency, it should not contravene any Shari'ah laws, such as ribs (interest) and gharar (uncertainty). Since Shari'ah does not limit the currency to dirhams and dinars, Bitcoin can be considered as an alternative to the current currencies in a digital form. This would enable financial markets to move faster and secure transaction methods in the future. The policymakers might find this study beneficial to issue new guidelines and policy documents. The findings of the study might be interesting for cryptocurrency enthusiasts and investors to have a deeper understanding of cryptocurrency from the Shari'ah viewpoint.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme [Grant No: FRGS/1/2020/SSI0/UM/02/19]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wealth; Digital assets; Shari'ah; Cryptocurrencies; Bitcoin
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Academy of Islamic Studies
Faculty of Business and Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2023 06:17
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 06:17

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