Healthcare service utilization patterns and patient experience in persons with spinal cord injury: A comparison across 22 countries

Bychkovska, Olena and Tederko, Piotr and Engkasan, Julia Patrick and Hajjioui, Abderrazak and Gemperli, Armin (2022) Healthcare service utilization patterns and patient experience in persons with spinal cord injury: A comparison across 22 countries. BMC Health Services Research, 22 (1). ISSN 1472-6963, DOI

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Background Persons with spinal cord injury frequently visit numerous clinical settings. Such all-around experience of the system may serve as a comprehensive experience indicator. This study compared the patient experience of persons with chronic SCI in relation to healthcare service utilization patterns in 22 countries, hypothesizing that primary-care oriented patterns would offer a better experience. Methods This study was based on International Spinal Cord Injury Survey with 12,588 participants across 22 countries worldwide. Utilization patterns/clusters were identified by cluster analysis and experience score - by the partial credit model. The association between healthcare utilization and experience at the provider and cluster level was explored by regression analysis. Results The highest share of visits was to primary care physicians (18%) and rehabilitation physicians (16%). Utilization patterns had diverse orientations: from primary care to specialized and from inpatient to outpatient. The experience was reported as very good and good across different dimensions: 84% reported respectful treatment; 81% - clear explanations; 77% - involvement in decision making; 65% - satisfaction with care. The average experience score (0-100) was 64, highest - 74 (Brazil) and the lowest - 52 (Japan, South Korea). Service utilization at provider and at cluster levels were associated with patient experience, but no utilization pattern resulted in uniformly better patient experience. Conclusion While there are distinct patterns between countries on how persons with chronic SCI navigate the healthcare system, we found that different utilization patterns led to similar patient experience. The observed difference in patient experience is likely determined by other contextual factors than service utilization.

Item Type: Article
Funders: European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant through the SSPH+ Global Ph.D. Fellowship Program in Public Health Sciences (GlobalP3HS) of the Swiss School of Public Health, Swiss Paraplegic Research
Uncontrolled Keywords: Utilization pattern; Patient experience; Primary healthcare; High healthcare needs; Spinal cord injury; Country comparison
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Rehabilitation Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 06:08
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 02:54

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