Normalized subendocardial myocardial attenuation on coronary computed tomography angiography predicts postoperative adverse carciovascular events: Coronary CTA vision substudy

Walpot, Jeroen and Massalha, Samia and Jayasinghe, Pranisha and Sadaf, Madiha and Clarkin, Owen and Godkin, Laura and Sharma, Ashwin and Ratnayake, Indeevari and Godkin, Kara and Jia, Kateleen and Hossain, Alomgir and Crean, Andrew M. and Chan, Matthew and Butler, Craig and Tandon, Vikas and Nagele, Peter and Woodard, Pamela K. and Mrkobrada, Marko and Szczeklik, Wojciech and Abdul Aziz, Yang Faridah and Biccard, Bruce and Devereaux, P. J. and Sheth, Tej and Chow, Benjamin J. W. (2022) Normalized subendocardial myocardial attenuation on coronary computed tomography angiography predicts postoperative adverse carciovascular events: Coronary CTA vision substudy. Circulation-Cardiovascular Imaging, 15 (1). ISSN 1941-9651, DOI

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BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in computed tomography myocardial perfusion has been associated with coronary artery disease and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). We sought to investigate if subendocardial attenuation using coronary computed tomography angiography predicts MACE 30 days postelective noncardiac surgery. METHODS: Using a 17-segment model, coronary computed tomography angiography images were analyzed for subendocardial and transmural attenuation and the corresponding blood pool. The segment with the lowest subendocardial attenuation and transmural attenuation were normalized to the segment with the highest subendocardial and transmural attenuation, respectively (SUBnormalized, and TRANS(normalized), respectively). We evaluated the independent and incremental value of myocardial attenuation to predict the composite of cardiovascular death or nonfatal myocardial infarction. RESULTS: Of a total of 995 coronary CTA VISION (Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography and Vascular Events in Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation Study) patients, 735 had available images and complete data for these analyses. Among these patients, 60 had MACE. Based on Revised Cardiovascular Risk Index, 257, 302, 138, and 38 patients had scores of 0, 1, 2, and >= 3, respectively. On coronary computed tomography angiography, 75 patients had normal coronary arteries, 297 patients had nonobstructive coronary artery disease, 264 patients had obstructive disease, and 99 patients had extensive obstructive coronary artery disease. SUBnormalized was an independent and incremental predictor of events in the model that included Revised Cardiovascular Risk Index and coronary artery disease severity. Compared with patients in the highest tertile of SUBnormalized, patients in the second and first tertiles had an increased hazards ratio for events (2.23 95% CI, 1.091-4.551] and 2.36 95% CI, 1.16-4.81], respectively). TRANS(normalized), as a continuous variable, was also found to be a predictor of MACE (P=0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that SUBnormalized and TRANS(normalized) are independent and incremental predictors of MACE 30 days after elective noncardiac surgery.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Angiography; Computed tomography; Coronary artery disease; Myocardial infarction; Perfusion
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical technology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2023 08:14
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 01:21

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