The Japanese Sleep Questionnaire for preschoolers within a Malaysian context

Jayanath, Subhashini and Hamzah, Norhamizan and Ahmad Fauzi, Aishah and Ahmad Adlan, Aida Syarinaz and Muhamad, Nor Asiah and Zainal, Azlin Zaiti and Mohri, Ikuko and Tachibana, Masaya (2022) The Japanese Sleep Questionnaire for preschoolers within a Malaysian context. Pediatrics International, 64 (1). ISSN 1328-8067, DOI

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Background Childhood sleep practices impact growth, development, and long-term health. There is a paucity of sleep data pertaining to preschool children in Asia, especially South-East Asia. Methods This cross-sectional study involved parents of well siblings, aged 2-6 years. It aimed to: (i) test the reliability of the English version of the Japanese Sleep Questionnaire for Preschoolers (JSQ-P), and (ii) obtain the prevalence, as well as describe, sleep-related issues. Ninety-one (91) parents (74.7%; mothers) self-administered the questionnaire in the pediatric clinic waiting area of a Malaysian tertiary hospital. Recruitment was from August to November 2020. Results The English version of the JSQ-P has good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.85). Range of Cronbach alpha values for each item: 0.36-0.87. Many (77%) children slept at 10:00 p.m. or later, similar to parents' late bedtimes. One-third had difficulty waking up in the morning. There were significant strong positive correlations between some features of restless leg syndrome, daytime tiredness, morning symptoms, and obstructive sleep apnea symptoms. Co-sleeping was prevalent (97.9%). Mean screen time for those who had set time limits was 2.35 +/- 1.68 h. Conclusions The English-language translation of the JSQ-P is a questionnaire with good internal consistency that can be used in non-Japanese speaking countries. Parents need to be educated on healthy sleep and screen time practices to optimize children's sleep quality and quantity.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Collaborative Research Network for Asian Children with Developmental Disorders (CRNACDD), United Graduate School of Child Development (Osaka University), (Hirosaki University), Japan
Uncontrolled Keywords: Japanese; Malaysia; Preschool; Sleep; Sleep wake disorder
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Faculty of Languages and Linguistics
Faculty of Medicine > Paediatrics Department
Faculty of Medicine > Psychological Medicine Department
Faculty of Medicine > Rehabilitation Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 03:24
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 02:35

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