Environment-friendly deoxygenation of non-edible Ceiba oil to liquid hydrocarbon biofuel: Process parameters and optimization study

Abdullah, Nur Hafawati and Mijan, Nurul Asikin and Taufiq-Yap, Yun Hin and Ong, Hwai Chyuan and Lee, Hwei Voon (2022) Environment-friendly deoxygenation of non-edible Ceiba oil to liquid hydrocarbon biofuel: Process parameters and optimization study. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 29 (34, SI). pp. 51143-51152. ISSN 0944-1344, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-18508-4.

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Non-edible Ceiba oil has the potential to be a sustainable biofuel resource in tropical countries that can replace a portion of today's fossil fuels. Catalytic deoxygenation of the Ceiba oil (high O/C ratio) was conducted to produce hydrocarbon biofuel (high H/C ratio) over NiO-CaO5/SiO2-Al2O3 catalyst with aims of high diesel selectivity and catalyst reusability. In the present study, response surface methodology (RSM) technique with Box-Behnken experimental designs (BBD) was used to evaluate and optimize liquid hydrocarbon yield by considering the following deoxygenation parameters: catalyst loading (1-9 wt. %), reaction temperature (300-380 degrees C) and reaction time (30-180 min). According to the RSM results, the maximum yield for liquid hydrocarbon n-(C-8-C-20) was found to be 77% at 340 degrees C within 105 min and 5 wt. % catalyst loading. In addition, the deoxygenation model showed that the catalyst loading-reaction time interaction has a major impact on the deoxygenation activity. Based on the product analysis, oxygenated species from Ceiba oil were successfully removed in the form of CO2/CO via decarboxylation/decarbonylation (deCOx) pathways. The NiO-CaO5/SiO2-Al2O3 catalyst rendered stable reusability for five consecutive runs with liquid hydrocarbon yield within the range of 66-75% with n-(C-15 + C-17) selectivity of 64-72%. Despite this, coke deposition was observed after several times of catalyst usage, which is due to the high deoxygenation temperature (> 300 degrees C) that resulted in unfavourable polymerization side reaction.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya MOHE-Top 100 (IIRG)-IISS [Grant No: IIRG002A-2020IISS], SATU Joint Research Scheme RU Grants [Grant No: ST026-2021], Geran Galakan Penyelidik Muda (GGPM) [Grant No: 2020-15]
Uncontrolled Keywords: C-8-C-20 hydrocarbon; Free fatty acid; Renewable diesel; Response surface methodology; Mixed metal oxides; Silica-alumina support
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2023 01:43
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2023 01:43
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42075

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