A comprehensive review of microbial desalination cells for present and future challenges

Jatoi, Abdul Sattar and Hashmi, Zubair and Mazari, Shaukat Ali and Mubarak, Nabisab Mujawar and Karri, Rama Rao and Ramesh, Singh and Rezakazemi, Mashallah (2022) A comprehensive review of microbial desalination cells for present and future challenges. Desalination, 535. ISSN 0011-9164, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2022.115808.

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Microbial desalination cell (MDC) is an emerging bio-electrochemical system technology used for wastewater decontamination, seawater desalination, and co-energy production. MDCs can be used alone in combination with various water treatment technologies, which may synergize the process of water purification. Efforts are being made for the scale-up of the technology. However, several challenges need to be answered before the upgradation of the technology to a large scale. This manuscript provides a thorough chronological-founded assessment that encompasses technological challenges for the scale-up of the MDCs. Furthermore, a detailed analysis has been provided on how various technologies help MDCs in efficient and economical wastewater treatment. Some integrated technologies include traditional anaerobic digestion, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, etc. Various MDC arrangements for their parametric evaluation, such as process conditions, bacteriological impacts, and possible power generation outputs with different anodic materials, have been discussed. Suggestions have also been put forward that can help large-scale MDC development.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioelectrochemical system; Microbial desalination cell; Wastewater treatment; Eco-energy generation
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2023 07:57
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2023 07:57
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41994

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