Employing an energy harvesting strategy to enhance the performance of a wireless emergency network

Elshrkasi, Ahmed and Dimyati, Kaharudin and Ahmad, Khairol Amali Bin and Abdullah, Ezmin (2022) Employing an energy harvesting strategy to enhance the performance of a wireless emergency network. Sensors, 22 (12). ISSN 1424-8220, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/s22124385.

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Establishing a wireless communication network (WCN) is critical to saving people's lives during disasters. Since the user equipment (UE) must transfer their information to the functioning area, their batteries will be significantly drained. Thus, technologies that can compensate for battery power consumption, such as the energy harvesting (EH) strategy, are highly required. This paper proposes a framework that employs EH at the main cluster head (MCH) selected by the enhanced clustering technique (CFT) and simultaneously transmits information and power wirelessly to prolong the lifetime of the energy-constrained network. MCH harvests energy from the radio frequency signal via the relay station (RS) and uses the harvested energy for D2D communications. The suggested framework was evaluated by analyzing the EH outage probability and estimating the energy efficiency performance, which is expected to improve the stability of the network. Compared to the UAV scenario, the simulation findings show that when RS is in its optimal location, it enhances the network EH outage probability performance by 26.3%. Finally, integrating CFT with wireless communications links into cellular networks is an effective technique for maintaining communication services for mission-critical applications.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS), Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE), Malaysia (Grant No: FRGS/1/2020/TK0/UM/01/2)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disaster management system; Clustering technique; D2D communication; Energy harvesting
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2023 05:35
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 05:35
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41950

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