Understanding the human dimensions of recycling and source separation practices at the household level: An evidence in Perak, Malaysia

Yu, Pei Lin and Ab Ghafar, Norafida and Adam, Mastura and Goh, Hong Ching (2022) Understanding the human dimensions of recycling and source separation practices at the household level: An evidence in Perak, Malaysia. Sustainability, 14 (13). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su14138023.

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Recycling and source separation (R&SS) are believed to have been the first attempt to minimise waste. This research adopted mixed methods that followed sequential quantitative then qualitative data collection, combining questionnaire surveys from 100 households, semi-structured interviews, and participatory observations to study the human dimension of waste generation and management. Scoring Assessment (with modified Bloom's Cut Off point) indicated that households had moderate knowledge and positive attitudes yet poor behaviour, and these three components indicated no linear associations, tested using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. However, age group, marital status, educational level and living duration showed statistical significance with households' participation in source separation through Chi-Square Test. Meanwhile, observation data showed that waste management mechanisms and environment had inefficiently supported households' participation in R&SS practices (external factors: poor accessibility to services, lack of tangible incentives, and absence of restriction in consumption). Elicited data indicated that a satisfactory level of intentions, knowledge, and willingness, together with good habit and quality persuasion (internal factors), were required to drive good behaviour. Subsequently, a series of recommendations were formulated to promote gradual yet solid transformation of the waste management system, tapping on existing initiatives by considering additional parameters upon the gap in households' knowledge, attitude, and behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mixed methods; Online questionnaire survey; Participatory observation; Sustainable waste disposal; Sustainable consumption; Malaysian source separation practice
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment > Department of Architecture
Faculty of the Built Environment > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 02:03
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 02:26
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41893

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