Y COVID-19 vaccination effectiveness: A review in early vaccine adopters in Asian countries

Mohd Iqbal, Mimi Iznita Thariq and Muhammad Imran, Siti Aminah and Tye, G. J. and Wan Kamarul Zaman, Wan Safwani and Nordin, Fazlina (2022) Y COVID-19 vaccination effectiveness: A review in early vaccine adopters in Asian countries. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 26 (13). pp. 4902-4925. ISSN 1128-3602,

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COVID-19 vaccines were designed to stimulate an immunological response, producing neutralizing antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Vaccine variants such as mRNA, viral vector, whole-cell inactivated virus, and protein subunit vaccines, have been reported to be efficacious in phase III trials and have gained emergency use approval in many countries. However, several adverse effects are reported in certain types of vaccines. All vaccines are being expedited by some Asian countries as part of their national immunization programs. This review primarily discussed the selected manufacturers of the COVID-19 vaccines used and their effectiveness in early-adopting Asian countries. The effectiveness in reducing the infection rate and safety of COVID-19 vaccines in Japan, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia was also analyzed based on the available data. Strategies that can be used to speed up the vaccination rate in reducing the number of COVID-19 cases were also evaluated.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Medical Faculty of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia FF-2021-378
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19; Vaccine; Effectiveness; Asia; Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2023 05:52
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 03:29
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41784

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