Global challenges and prospects of photovoltaic materials disposal and recycling: A comprehensive review

Yu, Hui Fang and Hasanuzzaman, Md. and Abd Rahim, Nasrudin and Amin, Norridah and Nor Adzman, Noriah (2022) Global challenges and prospects of photovoltaic materials disposal and recycling: A comprehensive review. Sustainability, 14 (14). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI

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The considerable amount of waste PV modules expected to emerge from recent widespread of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems is a cause of concern, especially in sustainability terms. Currently, most end-of-life (EoL) PV modules are either disposed of in landfills or bulk recycled in existing recycling facilities. Although these approaches are easier in execution as less efforts are directed at sustainable management of these modules, they can potentially cause environmental issues including loss of valuable resources and leakage of toxic materials. Hence, high-value closed-loop recycling is much preferred for its environmental merits, although its implementation brings forward challenges that this paper attempts to shed light on. This review paper aims to provide an overview of the EoL management of PV modules, concentrating on the challenges faced in PV recycling. Additionally, PV waste-related regulatory frameworks implemented in different countries are discussed. Recommendations to improve the EoL management of PV modules and trade-offs arising from conflicting solutions are proposed. To establish a sustainable PV waste management framework, legislations promoting the extended producer responsibility (EPR) principle, presence of suitable infrastructure, research and development (R&D) and cooperation of various governmental and private bodies are highly needed.

Item Type: Article
Funders: UM Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Centre (UMPEDAC), Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE) Program Research Grant, UMPEDAC-2020 (MOHE HICOE-UMPEDAC), Ministry of Education Malaysia, University of Malaya (Grant No: IF006-2021 & RU002-2021)
Uncontrolled Keywords: End-of-life (EoL) PV modules; PV waste management; PV recycling; PV waste challenges; High-value recycling; Sustainability
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Institute of Advanced Studies
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > UM Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2023 04:36
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2023 04:36

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