Basal stem rot of oil palm incited by Ganoderma species: A review

Supramani, Sugenendran and Rejab, Nur Ardiyana and Zulkiflee Lubes, Zul Ilham and Wan Mohtar, Wan Abd Al Qadr Imad and Ghosh, Soumya (2022) Basal stem rot of oil palm incited by Ganoderma species: A review. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 164 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 0929-1873, DOI

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Oil palm infectious diseases have devastating economic implications for the Southeast Asian nations of Indonesia and Malaysia. Therefore, this paper reviews oil palm growth, related diseases, specifically Ganoderma sp. infection, and control methods. The literature was sourced from Scopus using the following keywords: Oil palm, palm oil, Ganoderma boninense, Ganoderma, Elaeis, basal stem rot, Elates guineensis, fungi, Arecaceae, and microbiology. The majority (73.1%) of infection control methods focused on biological methods such as biological control agents (BCA), metabolites from BCAs, and the development of resistant oil palm varieties. The second most frequent subject included chemical control methods such as fungicides and fertilisers (25.6%), and only one study (1.3%) focused on a mechanical (cultural) control method (pulverisation). Trichoderma spp. were the most frequently studied BCA. Other BCAs included Pseudomonas aeruginosa, endophytes of oil palm, Pycnoporus sanguineus, Streptomyces, Hymenomycetes, Burkholderia cepacian, and Schizophyllum commune. Currently, there is no effective method to combat G. boninense infection. The reviewed biological, chemical, and mechanical control methods are available to the industry, leaving scope for future studies.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Malaysia (Grant No: GPF084A : GPF084B)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil palm; Ganoderma boninense; Basal stem rot; Fungicides; Biological control agents
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2023 04:47
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 04:47

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