Malaria: a retrospective study in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah (HTAR), Klang, Selangor, Malaysia (2004-2006)

Jamaiah, I. and Rohela, M. and Nissapatorn, V. and Amriana, A. and Sumaiyah, M.N. and Lila, M. and Norzawati, A. (2007) Malaria: a retrospective study in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah (HTAR), Klang, Selangor, Malaysia (2004-2006). The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 38 (Sup.1). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0125-1562,

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This retrospective study was carried out to determine the prevalence of malaria among patients admitted to Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah, Klang, Malaysia, from January 2004 to May 2006. A total of 37 malaria cases were analyzed. Most cases occurred among foreigners, 81 (30 cases), while Malaysians constituted 19 (7 cases). Among foreigners, Indians constituted the majority, 40.5 (15 cases). Among Malaysians, most cases occurred among Malays, 16 (6 cases), followed by Indians, 3 (1 case). Males, 89 (33 cases), were more commonly affected. The majority of cases were within the 20-39 year age group (84). Most cases occurred among laborers (24). Two species of malaria parasites were reported, of which Plasmodium vivax constituted the most, 70 (26 cases), followed by Plasmodium falciparum, 30 (11 cases). In this study, 40.5 (15 cases) developed chloroquine resistance: six cases of P. falciparum, and nine cases of P. vivax. The most common complications were thrombocytopenia, 65 (24 cases), and anemia, 54 (20 cases), followed by jaundice, 32 (12 cases), and hepatosplenomegaly, 22 (8 cases). There were no reported deaths. This new source of malaria coming from foreigners must be given serious attention, as it has great potential of increasing malaria cases in urban Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2012 04:06
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2021 04:21

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