Effects of alloying element on mechanical properties of Sn-Bi solder alloys: A review

Kamaruzzaman, Lina Syazwana and Goh, Yingxin (2022) Effects of alloying element on mechanical properties of Sn-Bi solder alloys: A review. Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, 34 (5). pp. 300-318. ISSN 0954-0911, DOI https://doi.org/10.1108/SSMT-06-2021-0035.

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This paper aims to review recent reports on mechanical properties of Sn-Bi and Sn-Bi-X solders (where X is an additional alloying element), in terms of the tensile properties, hardness and shear strength. Then, the effects of alloying in Sn-Bi solder are compared in terms of the discussed mechanical properties. The fracture morphologies of tensile shear tested solders are also reviewed to correlate the microstructural changes with mechanical properties of Sn-Bi-X solder alloys. Design/methodology/approach A brief introduction on Sn-Bi solder and reasons to enhance the mechanical properties of Sn-Bi solder. The latest reports on Sn-Bi and Sn-Bi-X solders are combined in the form of tables and figures for each section. The presented data are discussed by comparing the testing method, technical setup, specimen dimension and alloying element weight percentage, which affect the mechanical properties of Sn-Bi solder. Findings The addition of alloying elements could enhance the tensile properties, hardness and/or shear strength of Sn-Bi solder for low-temperature solder application. Different weight percentage alloying elements affect differently on Sn-Bi solder mechanical properties. Originality/value This paper provides a compilation of latest report on tensile properties, hardness, shear strength and deformation of Sn-Bi and Sn-Bi-X solders and the latest trends and in-depth understanding of the effect of alloying elements in Sn-Bi solder mechanical properties.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University Malaya Faculty Research Grant [GPF046A-2019]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lead-free solder; Tensile; Fracture mode; Shear strength; Hardness; Sn-Bi
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2023 03:03
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2023 03:03
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41470

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