Critical appraisal of a systematic review: A concise review

Patel, Jayshil J. and Hill, Aileen and Lee, Zheng-Yii and Heyland, Daren K. and Stoppe, Christian (2022) Critical appraisal of a systematic review: A concise review. Critical Care Medicine, 50 (9). pp. 1371-1379. ISSN 0090-3493, DOI

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Concise definitive review of how to read and critically appraise a systematic review. DATA SOURCES: None. STUDY SELECTION: Current literature describing the conduct, reporting, and appraisal of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. DATA EXTRACTION: Best practices for conducting, reporting, and appraising systematic review were summarized. DATA SYNTHESIS: A systematic review is a review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant original research, and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review. Critical appraisal methods address both the credibility (quality of conduct) and rate the confidence in the quality of summarized evidence from a systematic review. The A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews-2 tool is a widely used practical tool to appraise the conduct of a systematic review. Confidence in estimates of effect is determined by assessing for risk of bias, inconsistency of results, imprecision, indirectness of evidence, and publication bias. CONCLUSIONS: Systematic reviews are transparent and reproducible summaries of research and conclusions drawn from them are only as credible and reliable as their development process and the studies which form the systematic review. Applying evidence from a systematic review to patient care considers whether the results can be directly applied, whether all important outcomes have been considered, and if the benefits are worth potential harms and costs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical appraisal; Evidence-based medicine; Meta-analysis; randomized controlled trial; Systematic review
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2023 02:24
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2023 02:24

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