HbA1c at term delivery and adverse pregnancy outcome

Hong, Jesrine Gek Shan and Fadzleeyanna, Mohd Yahaya Noor and Omar, Siti Zawiah and Tan, Peng Chiong (2022) HbA1c at term delivery and adverse pregnancy outcome. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 22 (1). ISSN 1471-2393, DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-022-05000-7.

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There are no obvious thresholds at which the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes increases as a result of maternal hyperglycemia. HbA1c level which is representative of average blood glucose levels over the last 2-3 months is not as strongly predictive of adverse outcome compared to blood glucose values of oral glucose tolerance test. Data is sparse on the predictive value of HbA1c at term just prior to delivery on adverse outcome. We sought to evaluate HbA1c taken on admission for delivery at term on adverse outcomes of Cesarean delivery and large (>= 90(th) centile) for gestational age (LGA) infants. Methods A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a university hospital in Malaysia from December 2017-August 2018. 1000 women at term whose deliveries were imminent were enrolled. Blood were drawn and immediately sent for HbA1c analysis at our hospital laboratory. Primary outcomes were Cesarean delivery and LGA. Results On crude analyses, Cesarean births (vs. vaginal births) were associated with significantly higher HbA1c (%) levels 5.45.2-5.7] vs. 5.35.1-5.6] P = < 0.001 but not for LGA vs. non-LGA 5.45.1-5.6] vs. 5.35.1-5.6] P = 0.17. After controlling for significant confounders identified on crude analysis (diabetes in pregnancy, parity, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), previous cesarean, labor induction, Group B streptococcus (GBS) carriage and birth weight), HbA1c is independently predictive of Cesarean birth, adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.47 95% CI 1.06-2.06 P = 0.023 per HbA1c 1% increase. Following adjustment for significant confounders (BMI, predelivery anemia hemoglobin < 11 g/dl] and GBS carriage), the impact of raised HbA1c level on LGA is AOR 1.43 95% CI 0.93-2.18 P = 0.101 per HbA1c 1% increase and non-significant. Conclusion Raised HbA1c level at term births in the general pregnant population is independently predictive of Cesarean delivery after adjustment for potential confounders including diabetes in pregnancy.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Malaya
Uncontrolled Keywords: HbA1c; Glycated hemoglobin; Cesarean; Large for gestational age; Term; Adverse pregnancy outcome; Diabetes
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2023 06:31
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2023 06:31
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41305

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