Effect of plastic pyrolytic oil and waste cooking biodiesel on tribological properties of palm biodiesel-diesel fuel blends

Awang, Muhamad Sharul Nizam and Zulkifli, Nurin Wahidah Mohd and Abbas, Muhammad Mujtaba and Zulkifli, Muhammad Syahir Amzar and Abul Kalam, Md and Yusoff, Mohd Nur Ashraf Mohd and Ahmad, Muhammad Hazwan and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan (2022) Effect of plastic pyrolytic oil and waste cooking biodiesel on tribological properties of palm biodiesel-diesel fuel blends. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 74 (8, SI). pp. 932-942. ISSN 0036-8792, DOI https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-08-2021-0338.

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The purpose of this paper was to investigate the lubricity of palm biodiesel (PB)-diesel fuel with plastic pyrolysis oil (PPO) and waste cooking biodiesel (WCB). Design/methodology/approach Three quaternary fuels were prepared by mechanical stirring. B10 (10% PB in diesel) fuel was blended with 5%, 10% and 15% of both PPO and WCB. The results were compared to B30 (30% PB in diesel) and B10. The lubricity of fuel samples was determined using high-frequency reciprocating rig in accordance with ASTM D6079. The tribological behavior of all fuels was assessed by using scanning electron microscopy on worn steel plates to determine wear scar diameter (WSD) and surface morphology. The reported WSD is the average of the major and minor axis of the wear scar. Findings The addition of PPO and WCB to B10 had improved its lubricity while lowering wear and friction coefficients. Among the quaternary fuels, B40 showed the greatest reduction in coefficient of friction and WSD, with 7.63% and 44.5%, respectively, when compared to B10. When compared to B30a, the quaternary fuel mixes (B40, B30b and B20) exhibited significant reduction in WSD by 49.66%, 42.84% and 40.24%, respectively. Among the quaternary fuels, B40 exhibited the best overall lubricating performance, which was supported by surface morphology analysis. The evaluation of B40 indicated a reduced adhesive wear and tribo-oxidation, as well as a smoother metal surface, as compared to B20 and B30b. Originality/value Incorporation of PPO and WCB in PB-diesel blend as a quaternary fuel blend in diesel engines has not been reported. Only a few researchers looked into the impact of PPO and WCB on the lubricity of the fuel.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya [IIRG008B-2019], Universiti Malaya Impact-Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant Programme
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lubricity; Wear and friction; HFRR; Palm biodiesel; Plastic pyrolysis oil; Waste cooking biodiesel; Diesel
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2023 06:45
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 06:45
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41255

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