Current status and future trends in removal, control, and mitigation of algae food safety risks for human consumption

Wu, Guowei and Zhuang, Dingling and Chew, Kit Wayne and Ling, Tau Chuan and Khoo, Kuan Shiong and Quyen, Dong Van and Feng, Shuying and Show, Pau Loke (2022) Current status and future trends in removal, control, and mitigation of algae food safety risks for human consumption. Molecules, 27 (19). ISSN 1420-3049, DOI

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With the rapid development of the economy and productivity, an increasing number of citizens are not only concerned about the nutritional value of algae as a potential new food resource but are also, in particular, paying more attention to the safety of its consumption. Many studies and reports pointed out that analyzing and solving seaweed food safety issues requires holistic and systematic consideration. The three main factors that have been found to affect the food safety of algal are physical, chemical, and microbiological hazards. At the same time, although food safety awareness among food producers and consumers has increased, foodborne diseases caused by algal food safety incidents occur frequently. It threatens the health and lives of consumers and may cause irreversible harm if treatment is not done promptly. A series of studies have also proved the idea that microbial contamination of algae is the main cause of this problem. Therefore, the rapid and efficient detection of toxic and pathogenic microbial contamination in algal products is an urgent issue that needs to be addressed. At the same time, two other factors, such as physical and chemical hazards, cannot be ignored. Nowadays, the detection techniques are mainly focused on three major hazards in traditional methods. However, especially for food microorganisms, the use of traditional microbiological control techniques is time-consuming and has limitations in terms of accuracy. In recent years, these two evaluations of microbial foodborne pathogens monitoring in the farm-to-table chain have shown more importance, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Meanwhile, there are also many new developments in the monitoring of heavy metals, algal toxins, and other pollutants. In the future, algal food safety risk assessment will not only focus on convenient, rapid, low-cost and high-accuracy detection but also be connected with some novel technologies, such as the Internet of Things (artificial intelligence, machine learning), biosensor, and molecular biology, to reach the purpose of simultaneous detection.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme, Malaysia (FRGS/1/2020/SKK01/UM/01/1), Universiti Malaya and Ministry of Education, Malaysia under SATU joint research scheme (ST012-2020), Impact Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant (IIRG004A-19IISS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Algal food; Food safety; Foodborne diseases; Microbial foodborne pathogens; Farm-to-table chain
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2023 08:09
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2023 08:09

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