GO/TiO2-related nanocomposites as photocatalysts for pollutant removal in wastewater treatment

Kong, Ethan Dern Huang and Chau, Jenny Hui Foong and Lai, Chin Wei and Khe, Cheng Seong and Sharma, Gaurav and Kumar, Amit and Siengchin, Suchart and Sanjay, Mavinkere Rangappa (2022) GO/TiO2-related nanocomposites as photocatalysts for pollutant removal in wastewater treatment. Nanomaterials, 12 (19). ISSN 2079-4991, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12193536.

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Water pollution has been a prevalent issue globally for some time. Some pollutants are released into the water system without treatment, making the water not suitable for consumption. This problem may lead to more grave problems in the future including the destruction of the ecosystem along with the organisms inhabiting it, and illness and diseases endangering human health. Conventional methods have been implemented to remove hazardous pollutants such as dyes, heavy metals, and oil but are incapable of doing so due to economic restraints and the inability to degrade the pollutants, leading to secondary pollution. Photocatalysis is a more recently applied concept and is proven to be able to completely remove and degrade pollutants into simpler organic compounds. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a fine example of a photocatalyst owing to its cost-effectiveness and superb efficiency. However, issues such as the high recombination rate of photogenerated electrons along with positive holes while being only limited to UV irradiation need to be addressed. Carbonaceous materials such as graphene oxide (GO) can overcome such issues by reducing the recombination rate and providing a platform for adsorption accompanied by photocatalytic degradation of TiO2. The history and development of the synthesis of GO will be discussed, followed by the methods used for GO/TiO2 synthesis. The hybrid of GO/TiO2 as a photocatalyst has received some attention in the application of wastewater treatment due to its efficiency and it being environmentally benign. This review paper thereby aims to identify the origins of different pollutants followed by the sickness they may potentially inflict. Recent findings, including that GO/TiO2-related nanocomposites can remove pollutants from the water system, and on the photodegradation mechanism for pollutants including aromatic dyes, heavy metal and crude oil, will be briefly discussed in this review. Moreover, several crucial factors that affect the performance of photocatalysis in pollutant removal will be discussed as well. Therefore, this paper presents a critical review of recent achievements in the use of GO/TiO2-related nanocomposites and photocatalysis for removing various pollutants in wastewater treatment.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2020/TK0/UM/02/8), Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FP023-2020), Global Collaborative Programme-SATU Joint Research Scheme (ST004-2021), Yayasan UTP Fundamental Research Grant (YUTP-FRG 015LC0-282)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Graphene oxide; Titanium dioxide; Photocatalysis; Dye; Heavy metals; Oil
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2023 01:31
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2023 01:31
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/41063

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