How do psychosocial barriers shape public transport use? A mixed-method study among older adults in Pakistan

Al-Rashid, Muhammad Ahmad and Nadeem, Muhammad and Campisi, Tiziana and Shamsul Harumain, Yong Adilah and Goh, Hong Ching (2022) How do psychosocial barriers shape public transport use? A mixed-method study among older adults in Pakistan. Sustainability, 14 (19). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI

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Transport can significantly contribute to independent and healthy ageing, but in Pakistan-as in various other countries across the globe-many older adults are dependent on others. Age-sensitive transport environments are crucial for generating positive experiences among older adults. Notably, psychosocial experiences significantly impact public transport use. Thus, a thorough understanding of these psychological influences on public transport accessibility can encourage walkability and independent mobility. In the present research, we combine different data into a mixed-method study to investigate the psychosocial barriers to public transport use by older adults for daily travel in Lahore, Pakistan. The data include a questionnaire survey (319 older adults), semi-structured interviews (11 older adults), structured interviews with four experts and an analysis of relevant national-, provincial-, and district-level strategies and transport plans. The findings show how poorly perceived social norms, negative emotional responses, and perceived difficulty are significant barriers to using public transport services among older adults. Moreover, the existing transport plans and documents do not favour and cater to such psychosocial issues. Several strategic interventions that could promote walkability and public transport use are suggested. It includes activating social norms, raising awareness and information, providing social support, improving walking infrastructure and public transport services, pricing mechanisms, and offering specialised services. These initiatives, however, necessitate coordination among government authorities at the national, provincial, and district levels.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan (SAP) (50035725)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychosocial; Public transport; Older adults; Pakistan; Mixed-method
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2023 08:31
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2023 08:31

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