Retrospective prevalence and associated risk factors of Mycoplasma haemofelis infection in owned cats

Yasmin, Abd Rahaman and Peng, Teh Lee and Abdul-Azeez, I. O. and Atikah, H. Nur and Salma, C. W. and Hamdan, Ruhil Hayati and Loong, Shih-Keng (2022) Retrospective prevalence and associated risk factors of Mycoplasma haemofelis infection in owned cats. Tropical Biomedicine, 39 (3). pp. 444-450. ISSN 0127-5720, DOI

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Data on the prevalence and associated risk factors of naturally occurring haemoplasmosis in owned cats in Malaysia is limited. Being the most pathogenic of the three known feline haemoplasma species, Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf) infection was analysed from 2016 to 2019 to determine the periodical prevalence and associated risk factors in Northeastern Malaysia - Kelantan. Archived patient data of 77 clinically ill cats suspected of having M. haemofelis infection were reviewed in this study. Out of the 77 suspected cases, 53 (68.8%) were clinically diagnosed with haemoplasmosis amongst which 46 (59.7%) of the subpopulation were further confirmed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Risk factors for M. haemofelis infection (age, breed, ectoparasitism, household condition, roaming status, and sex) were analysed. There was no significant association of breed, ectoparasitism, household condition (number of cats) and occurrence of clinical signs with feline mycoplasmosis. Young, male and roamer cats were more likely to be diagnosed of mycoplasmosis than other categories of cats in this study. There was also a significant association between cats infected with `Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' with M. haemofelis. Thus, the coinfection of these two haemoplasma species is not uncommon. This study indicates that infection by M. haemofelis in anaemic cats is a common find in client-owned cats from Northeastern Malaysia. As the natural mode of transmission of haemoplasma infection remain unestablished, information in this study may highlight the importance of this disease and contribute to effective prevention and control strategies to minimize feline infectious anaemia (FIA) caused by M. haemofelis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Feline haemotropic mycoplasmosis; Haemoplasmosis; Period prevalence; Associated risk factors; Household cat
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2023 01:58
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2023 01:58

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