Solar light-induced photocatalytic degradation of ciprofloxacin antibiotic using biochar supported nano bismuth ferrite composite

Azan, Nur Azra Aqilah Mohd and Sagadevan, Suresh and Mohamed, Abdul Rahman and Azazi, Amirul Hazwan Nor and Suah, Faiz Bukhari Mohd and Kobayashi, Takaomi and Adnan, Rohana and Kaus, Noor Haida Mohd (2022) Solar light-induced photocatalytic degradation of ciprofloxacin antibiotic using biochar supported nano bismuth ferrite composite. Catalysts, 12 (10). ISSN 2073-4344, DOI

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Research on advanced materials for environmental remediation and pollutant degradation is rapidly progressing because of their numerous applications. Biochar is an excellent material support for the catalytic activity of bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3), which is one of the best perovskite-based photocatalysts in this work for diverse pollutant degradation when exposed to direct sunlight. Biochar was produced by pyrolyzing oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFBs) and then integrate with BiFeO3 in the presence of cross-linked chitosan to create a BFO/biochar coupled magnetic photocatalyst (CBB). This research was conducted to examine the performance of the photocatalytic activity of CBB towards the degradation of ciprofloxacin antibiotics. To determine the optimal condition, two operational parameters that are photocatalyst dosage and initial pollutant concentrations, were evaluated. The results of the powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) analyses confirmed the high purity of the rhombohedral BiFeO3 with a high surface area, as well as the successful coupling of BiFeO3 and biochar at a ratio of 1:1. The most effective conditions for the various variables are 1.5 g/L CBB dosage at 10 ppm with 77.08% photodegradation under direct sunlight for 2 h. Further, a pseudo-first-order kinetic reaction was followed and observed with decreasing k values as the initial concentration increased. This shows that the system performs best at low concentrations. This finding confirms that the catalytic parameters improved the efficiency of photocatalysts with biochar assistance in removing antibiotic pollutants.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) [FRGS/1/2019/STG07/USM/02/7/], Japanese Government through JICA [PKIMIA.6501198.A119]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biochar; Bismuth ferrite; Antibiotic; Ciprofloxacin; Photocatalytic degradation; Direct sunlight
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2023 01:14
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2023 01:14

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