QFD-based research on sustainable user experience optimization design of smart home products for the elderly: A case study of smart refrigerators

Li, Yongchuan and Raja Ghazilla, Raja Ariffin and Abdul-Rashid, Salwa Hanim (2022) QFD-based research on sustainable user experience optimization design of smart home products for the elderly: A case study of smart refrigerators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (21). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192113742.

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In the current situation of global aging, the current market shortage of age-appropriate smart home products and the recent epidemic have led to greater isolation of the elderly, seriously affecting their physical and mental health. In order to optimize the sustainable user experience of the elderly when using smart home products, this paper proposes a research method based on Quality Function Deployment (QFD) for the optimal design of user experience of smart home products for the elderly, taking the design of age-appropriate home smart refrigerators as an example. Firstly, based on the results of market research and user interviews, the requirements of smart refrigerators for the elderly are screened and integrated, and the Kano model is used to prioritize these needs, resulting in the identification of important features needed in smart refrigerators for the elderly. Secondly, based on QFD, user requirements are transformed into design requirements, and a quality house model is established to ascertain the degree of importance of each design requirement through user ratings so as to obtain the key requirements as the theoretical basis for the solution design. Finally, optional solutions are generated for concept evaluation based on PUGH concept selection, comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the solutions and recombining them into an evaluation to determine the best solution. The quantitative evaluation of the four solutions reveals that Solution A has the highest score of 117.358, followed by Solution D with 113.259, Solution B with 96.415, and Solution C with 85.511, which is the lowest. The scoring allows the best design solution to be selected and applied to product development. The results show that the introduction of the Kano model and PUGH concept selection into QFD can be effectively used as a research method for optimizing the user experience of smart refrigerators for the elderly, and a corresponding design strategy for sustainable user experience optimization is proposed. The method and strategy provide guidance for the innovative design of new smart home products.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: QFD; Smart refrigerator for the elderly; User experience; Kano model; PUGH concept selection
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2023 08:06
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2023 08:06
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/40747

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