The effect of Pliocene volcanic intrusive rocks and thermogenic gas generation from the Miocene Salif Formation in the offshore Tihamah Basin, Yemeni Red Sea

Hakimi, Mohammed Hail and Lashin, Aref and Gharib, Abbas F. and Rahim, Afikah and Yelwa, Nura Abdulmumini and Nasher, Mukhtar A. and Lotfy, Naira M. and Afify, Wafaa E. (2022) The effect of Pliocene volcanic intrusive rocks and thermogenic gas generation from the Miocene Salif Formation in the offshore Tihamah Basin, Yemeni Red Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 146. ISSN 0264-8172, DOI

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Organic geochemical and basin modeling methods were used to investigate the potential of thermogenic gas generation from the source rock of the Miocene Salif Formation. The analyzed Salif shales were collected close to the intrusive volcanic rocks intersected by the Kathib-01 well in the offshore Tihamah Basin, Yemeni Red Sea. Generally, the analyzed Salif shale samples have total organic matter (TOC) values up to 3.4 wt %, overall, indicating organic matter richness capable of generating hydrocarbons. The analyzed Salif shale samples have low hydrogen index (HI) values of <200 mg HC/g TOC, indicating mainly Types IV and III kerogen. These results are in contrast with the presence of dominated hydrogen-rich Type-II kerogen in the Salif shales from the close location of the exploration wells e.g., Al-Auch-01, Al-Meethag-01 and Al-Meethag-02. Therefore, the drastic alteration of the original organic matter of Type II and decreasing HI values, as a result of conversion of kerogen to HCs in the studied well, is due to the high thermal maturation as indicated from thermal maturity indicators. The Salif shale samples in the studied well have reached the main stage of the gas generation window, implying that the Salif Formation has substantial thermogenic gas generation. The increase in thermal maturity in the studied well was caused by the presence of the intrusive volcanic rocks that extruded during the Pliocene age as a result of the regional uplift of rift shoulders.Based on the burial/thermal/generation model of the Kathib-01well, the conversion of kerogen to oil and the subsequent cracking of the retained oil into thermogenic gas has been simulated. During the early to late Pliocene age (5-2 Ma), 10 to about 60% of kerogen was converted to oil, matching the peak mature to late mature of oil window (0.75-1.35 %Ro). Moreover, oil was cracked into thermogenic gas during end of the late Pliocene until the present day (2-0 Ma), indicating the beginning of the gas generation window (>1.35% Ro) with a trans-formation ratio (TR) above 99%. The prediction of a significant charge of thermogenic gas generation from the Salif Formation in the studied Kathib-01 well is due to the presence of the volcanic intrusive rocks extruded during the late Pliocene to present day time.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Petroleum Exploration and Production Authority (PEPA) of the Republic of Yemen, Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (Grant No: 075-15-2022-299), King Saud University -Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Salif Formation; Organic geochemistry; 1-D basin modeling; Thermogenic gas generation; Tihamah Basin; Western Yemen
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Geology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2023 07:43
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023 07:43

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