Community participation in disaster recovery programs: A study of a coastal area in Bangladesh

Islam, Emadul and Wahab, Haris Bin Abd and Benson, Odessa Gonzalez (2022) Community participation in disaster recovery programs: A study of a coastal area in Bangladesh. European Journal of Development Research, 34 (5, SI). pp. 2438-2462. ISSN 0957-8811, DOI

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This study explores disaster-affected local community participation in disaster recovery programs led by governmental organizations (GOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Focusing on programming in response to the devastating cyclone Aila in the coastal areas in Bangladesh in 2009, the study employed a mixed-method approach using qualitative data (interviews and focus groups) and quantitative data (surveys). Quantitative findings reveal a moderate level of participation in all four stages (decision-making, implementation, benefit sharing, and evaluation) in GO and NGO recovery projects. Qualitative findings reveal that the decision-making process was controlled by project authorities, local elites, and power politics; community participation was limited to passive participation. Furthermore, findings suggest that GO-led programs as less effective in facilitating community participation, compared with NGO-led programs. Findings point to the need for policymakers and practitioners to view community participation not as a monolithic concept, but as a multi-dimensional, dynamic process that can be facilitated more effectively when disaster recovery programming and policies are targeted and intentional in aiming for partnerships and empowerment especially during decision-making phases of programming, rather than nominal forms of community participation. Further, findings call for comparative studies of GO-led and NGO-led programs to better understand organizational culture and institutional mechanisms and their differential impact on community participation during disaster recovery. © 2021, European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI).

Item Type: Article
Funders: Yayasan Khazanah Asia scholarship
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesh; Community participation; Community resilience; Sustainable disaster recovery
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Social Administration & Justice
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 16:26
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 00:51

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