Objective determination of the winter monsoon onset dates and its interannual variability in Malaysia

Chenoli, Sheeba Nettukandy and Diong, Jeong Yik and Mohd Nor, Mohd Fadzil Firdzaus and Yip, Weng Sang and Xavier, Prince and Chang, Nursalleh K. and Abu Samah, Azizan (2022) Objective determination of the winter monsoon onset dates and its interannual variability in Malaysia. International Journal of Climatology, 42 (16). pp. 10238-10252. ISSN 0899-8418, DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.7895.

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The northeast/winter monsoon over Malaysia often leads to extreme rainfall events and floods over the windward side of terrain due to the strong northeasterly winds. Comparatively, much less rain falls over the other are sheltered by the mountain ranges. Based on this consideration, the onset of monsoon in the region is best determined operationally using 925 hPa winds. Therefore, we propose the first, simple, single-variable-based method to determine the onset dates of winter monsoon is yet reliable and can be closely monitored for operational purposes. The onset date is defined in the third pentad when the average of three pentads of 925 hPa northerly wind speed is greater than 1 m center dot s(-1), and at least one of three pentads must be greater than 2.5 m center dot s(-1). The study also investigates the relationship between the interannual variability of onset date and El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). Late-onset can be expected when La Nina develops in the boreal fall season. However, a similar association between monsoon onset and El Nino condition was not observed. The lead-lag correlation between the IOD and the onset dates shows that the onset is significantly negatively correlated with the IOD. During negative (positive) IOD events, a delay (early) onset is expected. Results also show that the relationship between the onset and IOD is more robust and linear than the ENSO.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Malaysia LR001-2020, LRGS-MRUN 2016-1, LRGS/1/2016/ UTM/01/1/3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asian winter monsoon; ENSO and monsoon; IOD and monsoon; Monsoon onset; Monsoon onset date; Monsoon season; Northeast monsoon; Northeast monsoon onset
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 03:29
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 04:25
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/40371

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