Prone ventilation in intubated COVID-19 patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Chua, Ee Xin and Wong, Zhen Zhe and Hasan, Mohd Shahnaz and Atana, Rafidah and Mohd Yunos, Norazim and Yip, Hing Wa and Teoh, Wan Yi and Ramli, Mohd Afiq Syahmi and Ng, Ka Ting (2022) Prone ventilation in intubated COVID-19 patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology, 72 (6). pp. 780-789. ISSN 0034-7094, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


Background: The efficacy and safety profiles of prone ventilation among intubated Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients remain unclear. The primary objective was to examine the effect of prone ventilation on the ratio of arterial partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) in intubated COVID-19 patients. Methods: Databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were systematically searched from inception until March 2021. Case reports and case series were excluded. Results: Eleven studies (n = 606 patients) were eligible. Prone ventilation significantly improved PaO2/FiO2 ratio (studies: 8, n = 579, mean difference 46.75, 95% CI 33.35-60.15, p < 0.00001; evidence: very low) and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) (studies: 3, n = 432, mean difference 1.67, 95% CI 1.08-2.26, p < 0.00001; evidence: ow), but not the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) (studies: 5, n = 396, mean difference 2.45, 95% CI 2.39-7.30, p = 0.32; evidence: very low), mortality rate (studies: 1, n = 215, Odds Ratio 0.66, 95% CI 0.32-1.33, p = 0.24; evidence: very low), or number of patients discharged alive (studies: 1, n = 43, Odds Ratio 1.49, 95% CI 0.72-3.08, p = 0.28; evidence: very low). Conclusion: Prone ventilation improved PaO2/FiO2 ratio and SpO2 in intubated COVID-19 patients. Given the substantial heterogeneity and low level of evidence, more randomized- controlled trials are warranted to improve the certainty of evidence, and to examine the adverse events of prone ventilation. (c) 2022 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acute respiratory; COVID-19; Intubation; Prone position; Supine position; Ventilation
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Anaesthesiology Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 04:10
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 04:36

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item