Mechanotransduction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) during cardiomyocytes differentiation

Raman, Narmadaa and Imran, Siti A. M. and Noordin, Khairul Bariah Ahmad Amin and Wan Kamarul Zaman, Wan Safwani and Nordin, Fazlina (2022) Mechanotransduction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) during cardiomyocytes differentiation. Heliyon, 8 (11). ISSN 2405-8440, DOI

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Cardiac muscle cells have an innate capacity to perceive and react to mechanical strain via a mechanism known as mechanotransduction, whereby the cardiac muscle cells are intrinsically capable of sensing and responding to mechanical strain. This process occurs in the heart when mechanical inputs are converted to biochemical pro-cesses that result in myocardial structure and function changes. Mechanotransduction and its downstream effects work as compensatory mechanisms during early load adaptation. However, prolonged, and aberrant loading may cause maladaptive remodeling, resulting in altered physiological function, pathological cardiac hypertrophy, and heart failure. The rapid advancement of stem cell research has raised the hopes of both patients and clinicians. Mesenchymal progenitors have become one of the most intriguing possibilities for treating illnesses ranging from cartilage abnormalities to heart issues. Their immunomodulatory properties have also allowed for allogenic usage, besides expanding their potential for cardiomyocyte applications. In the present review, we highlighted mesen-chymal stem cells (MSCs) in cardiovascular mechanotransduction, differentiation of cardiomyocytes and the use of MSCs in cardiovascular disease and tissue engineering.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Pusat Pengurusan Penyelidikan dan Instrumentasi (Grant No: GUP-2020-024)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular mechanotransduction; Differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells  (MSCs); Cardiomyocytes; Mechanical forces; Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy; Tissue engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2023 02:59
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2023 02:59

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