Are shariah-compliant firms less prone to stock price crash risk? Evidence from Malaysia

Haseeb, Muhammad and Mahdzan, Nurul Shahnaz and Wan Ahmad, Wan Marhaini (2023) Are shariah-compliant firms less prone to stock price crash risk? Evidence from Malaysia. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 16 (2, SI). pp. 291-309. ISSN 1753-8394, DOI

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Purpose The term ``Shariah compliance'' states that a firm conducts business activities within the boundaries stipulated by Islamic law. The purpose of this study is to empirically examine whether a firm's Shariah compliance helps in reducing firm-specific stock price crash risk (SPCR). Design/methodology/approach Using the data of 10,391 firm-year observations of non-financial public listed firms in Malaysia from 2001-2017, this study uses the panel data estimation technique for regression analysis. Moreover, a series of alternative estimations has been applied to check the consistency of results. Findings The findings reveal a significant negative impact of firms' Shariah compliance on SPCR. The results indicate that Shariah-compliant (SC) firms are less likely to hoard bad news, ultimately reducing SPCR. The results also unveil a possible mechanism through which SC firms reduce SPCR. The findings reveal that SC firms are less likely to be involved in earnings management, which reduces the risk of a stock price crash in SC firms. It highlights the behavioral differences in financial reporting between SC firms and Shariah non-compliant (SNC) firms. Practical implications This research adds to the existing literature of Islamic capital markets from the perceptive of SPCR. The SPCR exhibits a tail risk of the stocks and is very important for risk management and investment decisions. The findings of this study will help risk-averse investors to include SC firms in their investment portfolios for risk minimization. The results also guide policymakers and regulatory bodies to rethink the monitoring mechanisms of publicly listed firms. Originality/value This study is unique, as it highlights that firms' Shariah compliance reduces SPCR.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stock price crash risk; Shariah-compliant firms; Shariah non-compliant firms; Bad news hoarding
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Business
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics > Department of Finance
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2023 06:59
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2023 06:59

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