Modeling and analysis of hybrid solar water desalination system for different scenarios in Indonesia

Fairuz, Athaya and Umam, M. Faeshol and Hasanuzzaman, Md. and Abd Rahim, Nasrudin and Mujtaba, I. M. (2023) Modeling and analysis of hybrid solar water desalination system for different scenarios in Indonesia. Energy Conversion and Management, 276. ISSN 0196-8904, DOI

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Clean water demand has significantly increased due to the rise in the global population. However, most water on the Earth has high saline content that cannot be consumed directly; only about one over forty of the total water source is freshwater. Desalinated water is one of the potential solutions to meet the growing demand for freshwater, which is highly energy intensive. This paper analyses the energy, economic and environmental performance of a 5 m3/day PV (photovoltaic) powered reverse osmosis (RO) desalination system. Three scenarios of PV-RO with and without battery storage and diesel generator hybrid systems have been analyzed and investigated for the annual estimate load, net present value, and payback period of the water and electricity production costs. Also, the CO2 avoidance over the lifetime operation of all scearios is evaluated. This study shows that the PV-RO system without battery with 6.3 kW PV panels installed and with a 2-days water storage tank system is the most profitable economically f. For this scenario, the Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE), Levelized Cost of Water (LCOW), and Payback Period (PBP) are found to be $0.154/kWh, $0.627/m3, and five years, respectively. In addition, for this scenario, the CO2 emissions avoidance was the maximum (111,690 kg. CO2eq per year) compared to other scenarios.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Desalination; Photovoltaic; Reverse osmosis; Solar energy; Hybrid power system
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Institute of Advanced Studies
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > UM Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Centre
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2023 03:07
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023 03:07

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