Numerical and experimental evaluation of thermal enhancement using zinc nano-suspensions in a square flow passage

Ahmed, Waqar and Alawi, Omer A. and Abdelrazek, Ali H. and Yaseen, Zaher Mundher and Falah, Mayadah W. and Hussein, Omar A. and Eltaweel, Mahmoud and Homod, Raad Z. and Sidik, Nor Azwadi Che (2023) Numerical and experimental evaluation of thermal enhancement using zinc nano-suspensions in a square flow passage. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 148 (2). pp. 551-570. ISSN 1388-6150, DOI

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The heat transfer improvement using nanofluids inside varying shape heat exchangers is a still challenge to avoid from heat losses in chemical and petrochemical industries. In the stated study, the friction loss (f), pressure drop ( increment P), average heat (h(ave)) transfer and average Nusselt (Nu(ave)) numbers were evaluated numerically (ANSYS-FLUENT) and experimentally at varying 0.025 mass%, 0.05 mass%, 0.075 mass%, and 0.1 mass% concentrations of the low dimensional Zinc nanospheres-based nanofluids and base fluid (DW) in the square shaped heat exchanger. All the nanofluids and base fluid (DW) were assessed both experimentally and numerically for different thermophysical, hydrodynamic, and heat transfer characteristics. The addition of Zinc nanospheres in base fluid (DW) showed enhanced energy transportation at all mass% concentrations numerically and experimentally against Reynold numbers (Re) changing from 4550 to 20,367. Thermal conductivity, viscosity and density were measured at varying temperature ranges from 20 to 45 degrees C, where different changes were recorded in all properties against temperature values. Further, 2-D numerical model for single nanofluids was validated using laboratory scale distilled water (DW) as a base liquid. Further continuity, momentum, and energy equations were been evaluated by constructing a k-e model and 2-dimensional domain. The maximum pressure drop ( increment P/L) was recorded at 0.1 mass% which is 5152.72 m.Pas, while the friction loss (f) was 0.0188. Similarly, the average heat transfer (h) and Nusselt numbers (Nu) were calculated numerically and experimentally, where it has found the maximum heat transfer was 7095.25 Wm(2) K-1 (61%) and the average Nusselt numbers (Nu) were 93.73 (57.3%) at the highest 0.1 mass%. Both numerical (ANSYS) and experimental results showed improved energy transportation at 0.1 mass% concentration against the highest Reynold number (Re) in comparison to base fluid (DW) and other mass%. The consequences confirmed the significance of the ANSYS model and experimental results with an average difference of +/- 8.1%. GRAPHICS] .

Item Type: Article
Funders: Takasago Thermal System (Grant No: R.K130000.7343)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis of zinc nanospheres; Friction (f); Pressure drop ( increment P); Thermal diffusivity; Heat transfer coefficient (h)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Institute of Advanced Studies
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2023 03:24
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023 03:24

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