Effect of exercise on arterial stiffness in healthy young, middle-aged and older women: A systematic review

Lan, Yong Sheng and Khong, Teng Keen and Yusof, Ashril (2023) Effect of exercise on arterial stiffness in healthy young, middle-aged and older women: A systematic review. Nutrients, 15 (2). ISSN 2072-6643, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15020308.

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Arterial stiffness, an age-dependent phenomenon, is improved with exercise, which in turn may prevent cardiovascular diseases in women. However, there is a lack of consolidated information on the impact of exercise on arterial stiffness among healthy women. The aim of this review was to (i) analyse the effect of exercise on arterial stiffness in healthy young, middle-aged, and older women, and (ii) recommend types, intensity, and frequency for each age group. Database searches on PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus were conducted using PRISMA guidelines until September 2022. The keywords were: exercise, women/female, and arterial stiffness. The inclusion criteria were: healthy women, supervised exercise, and arterial stiffness measures. Study quality and bias were assessed using the PEDro scale. Fifty-one papers were classified into young (n = 15), middle-aged (n = 14), and older (n = 22) women. Improvements in arterial stiffness were observed among: young women (Pulse Wave Velocity, PWV: 4.9-6.6 m/s), following an 8-week high-intensity aerobic (3 days/week) or hypoxic high-intensity interval training; middle-aged women (PWV: 5.1-7.9 m/s), aerobic exercise with moderate intensity or stretching exercise at ``moderate to heavy'' (Borg Scale), 20-30 s per site, 10 s of rest interval for 30 min; and for older women (PWV: 7.9-15.6 m/s), resistance training at light intensity, aerobic exercise at any intensity, or a combination of the two exercises. This review shows that arterial stiffness increases with age in healthy women and has an inverse relationship with exercise intensity. Therefore, when prescribing exercise to improve arterial stiffness, age and arterial stiffness measures should be accounted for.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Humanity and Social Sciences Research Grant of Jilin Provincial Education Department JJKH20220808SK, Natural Science Foundation of Changchun Normal University 2021004
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exercise; Arteries; Women
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Sports and Exercise Science (formerly known as Centre for Sports & Exercise Sciences)
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 03:14
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 04:20
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/39028

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