Fundamentals of antifogging strategies, coating techniques and properties of inorganic materials: A comprehensive review

Wahab, Izzati Fatimah and Abdul Razak, Bushroa and Teck, Soon Wee and Azmi, Taium Tasneem and Ibrahim, Mahmoud Z. and Lee, J. W. (2023) Fundamentals of antifogging strategies, coating techniques and properties of inorganic materials: A comprehensive review. Journal of Materials Research and Technology-JMR&T, 23. pp. 687-714. ISSN 2238-7854, DOI

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Fogging of transparent surface is the condensation of water-vapor in the air into small discrete liquid drops on the surface, causing scatters of incident light and create a blurry vision. In recent technology development, coating using superhydrophobic and super -hydrophilic materials characteristics have been an attractive strategy to induce antifogging property to minimize the light scattering. Inorganic materials such as TiO2, SiO2, and ZnO have been widely explored for this purpose. In this review, the fundamentals of antifogging strategies and materials choice are covered as well as the different techniques used to prepare inorganic antifogging coatings. Further, this review covers the various testing methods involved for evaluation of antifogging behavior and other related properties. Additionally, the review includes potential of applying different techniques for the purpose of industrial scale. Towards the end, the optimization and statistical analysis of antifogging coatings using computer-aided techniques are briefly described to highlight effort in this mode of study. Before ending with summary, examples of antifogging potential application are shared to appreciate its benefit.(c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (

Item Type: Article
Funders: South Asia Taiwan Univer- sity (SATU) Joint Research Scheme (JRS) Match Project for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), Universiti Malaya, ST042-2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: Inorganic antifogging coating; Coating techniques; Antifogging testing; Computer optimization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2023 07:57
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023 07:57

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